A construct of code effectiveness: empirical findings and measurement properties

  • Mornay Roberts-Lombard University of Johannesburg http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5522-8737
  • Mercy Mpinganjira University of Johannesburg
  • Greg Wood Deakin University
  • Göran Svensson Oslo School of Management
Keywords: Business ethics, Corporate governance, Business policy, South Africa


The purpose of the study is to examine and describe the use of codes of ethics in companies operating South Africa. The population included the company secretaries of the top 500 companies operating in the South African corporate sector. The findings stipulate that South African companies need to understand that their employees are diverse in beliefs and opinions and as a result do not all have a similar ethical value system. Therefore, ethical education is imperative to ensure a stronger focus on the offering of ethics programmes aligned with the business philosophy of the company.

Author Biographies

Mornay Roberts-Lombard, University of Johannesburg
Full Professor of Marketing ManagementDepartment of Marketing ManagementUniversity of JohannesburgSouth Africa  
Mercy Mpinganjira, University of Johannesburg
Associate Professor of Marketing ManagementDepartment of Marketing ManagementUniversity of JohannesburgSouth Africa
Greg Wood, Deakin University
Professor of ManagementDepartment of ManagementWarrnambool campusAustralia
Göran Svensson, Oslo School of Management
Full Professor of ManagementOslo School of ManagementOsloNorway


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