African Journal of Business Ethics https://ajobe.journals.ac.za/pub <p>The African Journal of Business Ethics (AJoBE) is the official journal of the Business Ethics Network (BEN) Africa (<a href="http://www.benafrica.org/">http://www.benafrica.org/</a>). It was established in 2005 with the express purpose of promoting business ethics scholarship on the African continent. The journal is open access and is accredited with the International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS). We aim to publish two editions of the journal yearly.&nbsp;</p> <p>The aim of the journal is to contribute to the expansion and establishment of business ethics as an academic field in Africa. In pursuit of this aim, we wish to not only build a continental journal of high quality, but to also ensure that it achieves broad international credibility.&nbsp; We invite scholars and practitioners to submit speculative philosophical papers, opinion papers, theoretical papers, empirical research reports (both quantitative and qualitative), as well as book reviews.&nbsp; All contributions within the broad general scope of business ethics are welcome.&nbsp; Guidelines for authors can be found here: http://ajobe.journals.ac.za/pub/about/submissions#authorGuidelines&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> African Sun Media en-US African Journal of Business Ethics 1817-7417 <p>This journal is an open access journal, and the authors&nbsp;and journal should be properly acknowledged, when works are cited.</p> <p>Authors may use the publisher's version for teaching purposes, in books, theses, dissertations, conferences and conference papers.&nbsp;</p> <p>A copy of the authors’ publisher's version may also be hosted on the following websites:</p> <ul> <li>Non-commercial personal homepage or blog.</li> <li>Institutional webpage.</li> <li>Authors Institutional Repository.&nbsp;</li> </ul> <p>The following notice should accompany such a posting on the website: “This is an electronic version of an article published in the <em>African Journal of Business Ethics</em>, Volume XXX, number XXX, pages XXX–XXX”, DOI.&nbsp; Authors should also supply a hyperlink to the original paper or indicate where the original paper (http://ajobe.journals.ac.za/pub) may be found.&nbsp;</p> <p>The following Creative Commons license applies:</p> <p>This work is licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License</a>.</p> Being ‘human’ under regimes of Human Resource Management: Using black theology to illuminate humanisation and dehumanisation in the workplace https://ajobe.journals.ac.za/pub/article/view/290 <p>Critical studies have rightly faulted mainstream HRM for its failure to account for the meaning of being human under regimes of HRM. This article advances the field in this regard by drawing on African and broader black theological reflection on the meaning of being human, and by using visual research methods to interrogate the extent to which workplaces respect human dignity. Fifty-five (55) visual timeline interviews were conducted in a range of workplaces in the north-east of England. Data showed that allowing autonomy and freedom, mediating audit regimes, contractual affirmation, and creating communities of care were the key factors whose presence created humanising workplaces and whose absence signalled dehumanising ones. This research allows a richer understanding of structures and processes that produce either humanising or dehumanising workplaces.</p> Nick Megoran Copyright (c) 2022 African Journal of Business Ethics 2022-04-20 2022-04-20 16 1 1 24 10.15249/16-1-290 Racial capitalism, ruling elite business entanglement and the impasse of black economic empowerment policy in South Africa https://ajobe.journals.ac.za/pub/article/view/298 <p>The high rate of inequality in South Africa is rooted in colonial dispossession and racial exploitation, and still runs primarily along the racial divide. Policy initiatives taken to redress past economic injustices through the black economic empowerment (BEE) have failed to bring economic transformation. Using the twin lenses of epistemic violence and racial capitalism, this study analyses how entangled interests aimed to co-opt the ruling party elite by the apartheid-era business elite led to the BEE impasse. The pervasiveness of cultural alienation in BEE failure suggests that a shift to restorative justice is necessary to break from the impasse.</p> Alexis Habiyaremye Copyright (c) 2022 African Journal of Business Ethics 2022-04-20 2022-04-20 16 1 25 41 10.15249/16-1-298 Occupational health and safety in small businesses: The rationale behind compliance https://ajobe.journals.ac.za/pub/article/view/287 <p>Occupational health and safety (OHS), as a fundamental human right, forms the basis of the obligation of employers to employees, requiring employers to do what is right. Responsible management practices encompass cognisance of sustainability, responsibility as well as legal, financial and moral aspects related to OHS compliance. As point of departure, an overview of core OHS criteria for small businesses is provided, with reference to awareness of these criteria in the G20 countries.&nbsp; This article utilises quantitative and qualitative data analysis to examine the reasons why small business owners/managers comply with occupational health and safety directives, such as the Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHS Act) and the Compensation for Occupational Injuries and Diseases Act (COIDA) in South Africa, determine if such reasons for compliance culminate in actual compliance, and determine the perceived effect of direct and indirect costs of OHS incidents. A total of 350 small business owners/managers took part in this study. The findings indicate that whilst small business owners/managers realise the rationale behind OHS compliance in terms of moral, legal and financial components, moral aspects related to OHS compliance are deemed most important. Small business owners/managers thus seem to realise the importance of OHS compliance. However, when it comes to adhering to their responsibility in terms of general safety regulations of the OHS Act and registration with the Compensation Fund as specified in the COIDA (as examples of actual compliance), small business owners/managers’ compliance does not reflect such realisation. A model to enhance OHS standards in small businesses, encompassing legal, moral and financial rationales, is proposed.</p> Elriza Esterhuyzen Copyright (c) 2022 African Journal of Business Ethics 2022-04-20 2022-04-20 16 1 42 61 10.15249/16-1-287 Towards an understanding of corporate (dis)engagement with social justice advocacy https://ajobe.journals.ac.za/pub/article/view/292 <p>If it can be argued that companies should engage with social justice advocacy, what factors might deter them from doing so?&nbsp; This question is pursued in a qualitative research study with participants from corporate and social justice organisations.&nbsp; Six inhibiting factors are identified: a lack of understanding of social justice concepts; fear of reputational risk; short-term profit orientation; a compliance mindset; disconnectedness from operating environment; and recognition that business purpose will determine its societal engagement. This research extends the theoretical and practice boundaries of corporate social responsibility, while also advocating for an intensified engagement of management education with social justice in practice.</p> Louise Jones Arnold Smit Copyright (c) 2022 African Journal of Business Ethics 2022-04-20 2022-04-20 16 1 62 80 10.15249/16-1-292 Perspectives on business ethics in South African small and medium enterprises https://ajobe.journals.ac.za/pub/article/view/285 <p>SMEs are the driving force of economies. However, they face challenges that affect their long-term survival, such as developing ethical business environments. Business ethicsrelated research is underdeveloped in SMEs, thus limiting our understanding of business ethics in SMEs. The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate how business ethics is conceptualised in SMEs, using the Delphi Technique.&nbsp; In SMEs, business ethics is viewed as doing the right thing, having integrity, being transparent, trustworthy, and behaving responsibly towards internal and external parties. The contribution of this article is that business ethics is perceived as upholding quality, being transparent and trustworthy.</p> Ireze van Wyk Peet Venter Copyright (c) 2022 African Journal of Business Ethics 2022-04-20 2022-04-20 16 1 81 104 10.15249/16-1-285