The effect of Islamic work ethic on organisational justice

  • Wahibur Rokhman State Islamic College (STAIN) of Kudus
  • Arif Hassan International Islamic University


The study proposed to investigate the effect of the Islamic work ethic on the perception of justice among employees in Islamic microfinance institutions in Indonesia. The construct of organisational justice included three dimensions, namely distributive, procedural, and interactional justice. The sample consisted of 370 employees from 60 Islamic microfinance institutions in Central Java, Indonesia. The results suggest that the Islamic work ethic positively contributes to the aforementioned three dimensions of the perception of justice. Implications, limitations, and suggestions for future research are discussed. 


Ali, J.A. (1988). Scaling an Islamic work ethic. Journal of Social Psychology, 128 (5), 575-583.

Ali, J.A. (1992). Islamic work ethic in Arabia. Journal of Psychology, 126 (5), 507-517.

Ali, J.A. (2005). Islamic Perspectives on Management and Organization. UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.

Ali, J.A. and Al-Kazemi, A. (2007). Managerial problems in Kuwait. Journal of Management Development, 21 (5), 366-375.

Arslan, M. (2000). A cross cultural comparison of British and Turkish managers in term of Protestant work ethic characteristics. Business Ethics: A European Review, 9 (1), 13-19.

Arslan, M. (2001). The work ethic values of Protestant British, Catholic Irish and Muslim Turkish Managers. Journal of Business Ethics, 31, 321-339.

Beekun, R. (1997). Islamic Business Ethics. Virginia, U.S.A: IIIT, Herndon. Beekun, R. and

Badawi, J. (1999). Leadership: an Islamic Perspective, Herndon, VA: Amana Publications.

Colquitt, J.A. (2001). On the dimensionality of organizational justice: A construct validation of a measure. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86 (3), 386-400.

Colquitt, J.A., Greenberg, J. and Zapata-Phelan, C.P. (2005). What is Organizational Justice?. A historical overview. In Greenberg and Colquitt (Eds.), Handbook of Organizational Justice. Mahwah. NJ: LEA Publisher, 3, 56.

Colquitt, J A., Conlon, D.E., Wesson, M.J., Porter, C.O.L.H. and Ng, K.Y. (2001). Justice at the millennium: A meta-analytic review of 25 years of

organizational justice research. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86 (3), 425-445.

Cropanzano, R., Bowen, D.E. and Gilliland, S.W. (2007). The management of organizational justice. Academy of Management Perspectives, 21, 34-48.

Folger, R. and Cropanzano, R. (1998). Organizational Justice and Human Resources Management. Thousand Oaks, London: Sage Publications.

Greenberg, J. (1990). Organizational justice: Yesterday, today and tomorrow. Journal of Management, 16 (2), 399-342.

Hassan, A. (2002). Organizational justice as a determinant of organizational commitment and intention to leave. Asian Academy of Management Journal, 7 (2), 55-66.

Khalil, M. and Abu-Saad, I. (2009). Islamic work ethic among Arab college students in Israel. Cross Cultural Management: An International Journal. 16 (4), 333-346.

Lau, V. and Wong, Y. (2009). Direct and Multiplicative Effects of Ethical Dispositions and Ethical Climates on Personal Justice Norms: A Virtue Ethics Perspective. Journal of Business Ethics, 90 (2), 279-294.

Lim, C. and Lay, C.S. (2003). Confucianism and the protestant work ethic. Asia Europe Journal, 1, 321-322.

Muhammad (1993). Keadilan dalam Islam. Pustaka Pelajar, Yogjakarta.

Niehoff, B.P. and Moorman, R.H. (1993). Justice as a mediator of the relationship between methods of monitoring and organizational citizenship behavior. Academy of Management Journal, 36, 527-556.

Rahman, N.M., Muhamad, N. and Othman, A.S. (2006). The Relationship between Islamic Work Ethics and Organizational Commitment: A Case Analysis. Malaysian Management Review, 41 (1).

Rizk, R.R. (2008). Back to basics: An Islamic perspective on business and work ethics. Social Responsibility Journal, 1 (2), 246-254.

Schminke, M., Wells, D., Peyrefitte, J., Terrence C. and Sebora, T.C. (2002). Leadership and Ethics in Work Groups: A Longitudinal Assessment. Group and Organization Management. 27 (2), 272-293.

Schminke, M., Ambrose, M. and Noel, T. (1997). The effect of ethical frameworks on perceptions of organizational justice. Academy of Management Journal, 40 (5), 1190-1207.

Thibaut, J. and Walker, L. (1975). Procedural Justice: A Psychological Analysis. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Trevino, L. and Weaver, G. (2001). Organizational justice and ethic program “follow-trough”: Influences on employees’ harmful and helpful behavior. Business Ethics Quarterly, 11 (4), 651-657.

Weber, M. (1930 / 2002). The Protestant Ethic and the “Spirit” of Capitalism, New York, NY: Penguin Classics.

Yousef, D.A. (2000). Organisational commitment as a mediator of the relationship between Islamic work ethic and attitudes toward organisational change. Human Relations, 53 (4), 513-37.

Yousef, D.A. (2001). Islamic work ethic. A moderator between organisational commitment and job satisfaction in a cross-cultural context. Personnel Review, 30 (2), 152-165.