CSR and ethics in MSMEs in India
AbstractThe extant literature on CSR and ethics suggests that there is a need for a greater understanding about SMEs. The role of SMEs in the economic growth and development of emerging countries like India is significant. Given the geographical diversity of India and its high reliance on agriculture, MSMEs (medium, small and micro enterprises) are the lifeline of economic development and growth in future. However, the current state of knowledge and practice in the field of CSR and ethics in SMEs in the Indian context is limited. This paper attempts to outline the state of the SME sector in India, Ethics and CSR practices in MSMEs, and identify the knowledge gaps in the field of CSR and ethics in SMEs in India.Â
Amin, M.R. & Bannerjee, S. 2007. Constraints and contingencies of the small business: A comparative perspective. Indian Business and Economics Research Journal, 6(9).
Arora, B. & Puranik, R. 2004. A review of corporate social responsibility in India. Development, 47(3): 93â€“100.
Beekman, A. & Robinson, R. 2004. Supplier partnerships and the small high growth firm: Selecting for success. Journal of Small Business Management, 42: 59â€“77.
Bombay Chamber of Commerce and Industry. 2007. Socially responsible business: From an SME model to a model SME using the corporate responsibility framework. Mumbai.
British Council, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), & PricewaterhouseCoopers. 2002. Corporate social responsibility survey â€“ 2002. British Council, UNDP, CII & PwC, New Delhi.
Chavan, M. & Lamba, A.S. 2007. An international perspective on internal controls in small and medium enterprises. The Business Review, 8(1).
CREM Report. 2004. Corporate social responsibility in India: Policy and practices of Dutch Companies. Amsterdam.
Das, K., Nair, T. & Baskar, V. 2004. Job creation potential of MSEs in clusters and public policy. Report submitted to the ILO, New Delhi (unpublished).
Development Commissioner MSME. 2009. [Online]. Available: http://www.dcmsme.gov.in/ssiindia/msme_ in.htm. Accessed on 5 December 2009.
Emiliani, M. 2000. Supporting small businesses in their transition to lean production. Supply Chain Management: An international journal, 5: 66â€“70.
Enderle, G. 2004. Global competition and corporate responsibilities of small- and medium-sized enterprises. Business Ethics: A European review, 13(1): 51â€“63.
Exim Bank of India. 2000. Institutional support to SMEs: A study of select sectors. Occasional Paper, 76.
Fisher, C.M., Shirole, R. & Bhupatkar, A.P. 2001. Ethical stances in Indian management culture. Personnel Review, 30(5/6).
Jenkins, H. 2006. Small Business Champions for Corporate Social Responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics, 67: 241â€“246.
Kumar, R., Murphy, D.F. & Balsari, V. 2001. Altered images: The 2001 state of corporate responsibility in India poll. Tata Energy Research Institute, New Delhi.
Leutkenhorst. 2004. Corporate social responsibility and the development agenda: The case for actively involving small and medium enterprises. Intereconomics, May/June.
Matten, D. & Moon, J. 2008. â€˜Implicitâ€™ and â€˜explicitâ€™ CSR: A conceptual framework for a comparative understanding of corporate social responsibility. Academy of Management Review, 33(2): 404â€“424.
Mitra, M. 2007. Itâ€™s only Business: Indiaâ€™s corporate social responsiveness in a globalised world. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Monga, M. 2005. Value orientations: A case study of north Indian manufacturing managers. The Journal of Management Development, 24(7/8).
Moore, G. & Spence, L. 2006. Editorial: Responsibility and small business. Journal of Business Ethics, 67(3): 219â€“226.
Murillo, D. & Lozano, J.F. 2006. SMEs and CSR: An approach to CSR in their own words. Journal of Business Ethics, 67: 227â€“240.
Pandey, A.P. 2007. Indian SMEs and their uniqueness in the country. MPRA Paper No. 6086. [Online]. Available: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/6086/. Accessed on 4 December 2009.
Park, D. & Krishnan, H.A. 2001. Supplier selection practices among small firms in the United States: Testing three models. Journal of Small Business Management, 39(3): 259â€“271.
Prasad, V.N. 2008. Labour regulation in small enterprises: Coverage and impact. New Delhi, Institute for Studies in Industrial Development.
Revenkar, A.V. 2004. Corporate social responsibiilty in small- and medium- scale industries. New Delhi, Business Community Foundation Publication.
Richbell, S.M., Watts, H.D. & Wardle, P. 2006. Owner managers and business planning in small firms. International Small business Journal, 24(5): 496â€“514.
Russo, F. 1999. Strengthening Indian SME clusters: UNIDOâ€™s experience. New Delhi: UNIDO.
Schmitz, H. 1995. Collective efficiency: Growth path for small-scale industry. Journal of Development Studies, 31(4). Sood, A. & Arora, B. 2006. The political economy of corporate responsibility in India: Examining the nature of CSR in India. UNRISD, 18.
Spence, L. 1999. Does size matter? The state of the art in small business ethics. Business Ethics: A European review, 8(9): 163â€“172.
Spence, L. & Lozano J.F. 2000. Communicating about ethics with small firms: Experiences from the UK and Spain. Journal of Business Ethics, 27(1): 43â€“53.
Spence, L. & Rutherford, R. 2003. Small business and empirical perspectives in business ethics. (Editorial) Journal of Business Ethics, 47(1): 1.
Tarun, K. 2004. CSR in industrial areas/SMEs: Activities, policies and strategies in Delhi India. New Delhi, Business Community Foundation.
Third All India Census of Small Scale Industries, 2001â€“2002. Ministry of SSI, Government of India.
Tilley, F. 2000. Small Firm environmental ethics: How far do they go? Business Ethics: A European Review, 9(1):31â€“41.
UNIDO Report. 2008. CSR perceptions and activities of SMEs in seven geographical clusters. New Delhi.
Vyakarnam, S., Bailey, A., Myers, A. & Burnett, D. 1997. Towards an understanding of ethical behaviour in small firms. Journal of Business Ethics, 16(15): 1625â€“1636.
This journal is an open access journal, and the authors and journal should be properly acknowledged, when works are cited.
Authors may use the publisher's version for teaching purposes, in books, theses, dissertations, conferences and conference papers.
A copy of the authors’ publisher's version may also be hosted on the following websites:
- Non-commercial personal homepage or blog.
- Institutional webpage.
- Authors Institutional Repository.
The following notice should accompany such a posting on the website: “This is an electronic version of an article published in the African Journal of Business Ethics, Volume XXX, number XXX, pages XXX–XXX”, DOI. Authors should also supply a hyperlink to the original paper or indicate where the original paper (http://ajobe.journals.ac.za/pub) may be found.
The following Creative Commons license applies:
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.