Antecedents and current situation of humanistic management

Domènec Melé

Abstract


Humanistic management is generally presented as an alternative perspective to the economic paradigm in management and organisational theories. We find both humanism and economicism in the first stages of modern management, and they still persist at the beginning of the 21st century. This paper reviews the antecedents and current situation of humanistic management. Although economicism is still dominant, it has received severe criticism and several management approaches discussed here can contribute to further development of humanistic management. These include person-organisation fit, peoples’ involvement in organisations, the consideration of business as a human community, comprehensive approaches to decision-making, stakeholder management, values-based management, as well as ethics and corporate responsibility in management, personal competencies and positive organisational scholarship. 


Keywords


Business ethics; economic paradigm; history of management; humanism; humanistic management; management development

Full Text:

PDF

References


Acevedo, A. (2012). Personalist business ethics and humanistic management: Insights from Jacques Maritain. Journal of Business Ethics, 105, 197-219.

Adler, P. S. (2004). ‘Corporate scandals: It’s time for reflection in business schools. Academy of Management Executive, 16, 148-9.

Aktour, O. (1992). Management and theories of organizations in the 1990s: Toward a critical radical humanism. Academy of Management Review, 17, 407-31.

Alexander, J. M. and Buckingham, J. (2011). Common good leadership in business management: An ethical model from the Indian tradition. Business Ethics: A European Review, 20, 317-27.

Amann, W., Pirson, M., Dierksmeier, C., Kimakowitz, E. V., and Spitzeck, H. (Eds.). (2011). Business schools under fire: Humanistic management education as the way forward. New York: Palgrave-MacMillan.

Anderson, C. (1997). Values-based management. Academy of Management Executive, 11, 25-46.

Andreu, R, and Rosanas, J. M. (2012). Manifiesto for a better management. A rational and humanist view. In J. M. Rosanas, and J. E. Ricart, (Eds.). Towards a new theory of the firm. Humanizing the firm and the management profession. (pp. 109-50). Madrid: Fundación BBVA.

Argandoña, A. (1998). The stakeholder theory and the common good. Journal of Business Ethics, 17, 1093-102.

Argandoña, A. (2008) Integrating ethics into action theory and organizational theory. Journal of Business Ethics, 78, 435-46.

Argandoña, A. (2011). Stakeholder theory and value creation. IESE Business School Working Paper No. 922.

Argyris, C. (1957). Personality and organization. The conflict between system and individual. New York: Harper.

Barnard, C. (1968; 1938). The functions of the executive. London: Oxford University Press.

Beaudreau, B. C. (2012). A humanistic theory of economic behavior. Journal of Socio-Economics, 41, 222-34.

Benedict XVI. (2009). Encyclical letter: Caritas in veritate. [Online]. Available from: http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/encyclicals/ documents/hf_ben-xvi_enc_20090629_caritas-in-veritate_en.html. [Last accessed on 2013 Sep 30].

Bennis, W. G., and O’Toole, J. (2005). How business schools lost their way. Harvard Business Review, 83, 96-104.

Blanchard, K., and O’Connor, M. (1996). Managing by values. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler.

Burns, J. G. (1978). Leadership. New York: Harper and Row.

Cable, D. M., and Judge, T. A. (1994). Pay preferences and job search decisions: A person-organization perspective. Personnel Psychology, 47, 317-48.

Cameron, K. S., Dutton, J. E., and Quinn, R. (2003). Positive organizational scholarship. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler.

Cameron, K. S., and Spreitzer, G. M. (Eds.). (2011). Oxford handbook of positive organizational scholarship. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Chatman, J. A. (1989). Improving interactional organizational research: A model of person-organization fit. Academy of Management Review, 14, 333-49.

Ciulla, J. (1998). Ethics, the heart of leadership. London: Quorum Books. Collins, J. (2001). Good to great: Why some companies make the leap, and others don’t. London: Random House.

Cohen, D. and L. Prusak (2001), In Good Company: How Social Capital Makes Organizations Work. Campbridge, MA: Harvard Business School Press.

Collins, J., and Porras, J. I. (1994). Built to last: Successful habits of visionary companies. New York: Harper Collins.

Cunningham, M. E., and Tichy, N. (1983). Planning for humanism. Journal of Business Strategy, 3, 87-90.

Daley, D. M. (1986). Humanistic management and organizational success: The effect of job and work environment characteristics on organizational effectiveness, public responsiveness, and job satisfaction. Public Personnel Management, 15, 131-42.

Drucker, P. F. (1973). Managers: Tasks, responsibilities, practices. New York: Harper and Row.

Follett, M. P. (1940). Dynamic administration. The collected papers of Mary Parker Follett. In H. C. Metcalf, and L. Urwick (Eds). New York, London: Harper and Brothers.

Follett, M. P. (1987). La primera edición es de 1949 (Management Publication Data, London). Freedom and co-ordination. Lectures in business organization. In L. Urwick (Ed), Edited, with an introduction. New York, London: Longmans, Green and Co.

Freeman, R. E. (2004). A stakeholder theory of the modern corporation. In T.L. Beauchamp, and N. E. Bowie, (Eds.). Ethical Theory and Business. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson-Prentice Hall; 55-64.

Freeman, R. E., Harrison, J. S., Wicks, A. C., Parmar, B. L., and de Colle, S. (2010). Stakeholder theory: The state of the art. New York: Cambridge University Press.

French, W. L., and Bell, C. H. (1999). Organizational development: Behavioral science intervention for organization improvement. Englewoods Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Friedman, M. (1970). The social responsibility of business is to increase its profits. New York Times Magazine, 32-3, 122, 126.

Friedman, M., and Friedman, R. (1962). Capitalism and freedom. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Ghoshal, S. (2005). Bad management theories are destroying good management practices. Academy of Management Learning and Education, 4, 75-91.

Ghoshal, S., Bartlett, C. A., and Moran, P. (1999). A new manifesto for management. Sloan Management Review, 40, 9-20.

Gordon, R., and Howell, J. (1959). Higher education for business. New York: Columbia University Press.

Graham, P. (Ed). (1995). Mary Parker Follett – Prophet of management: A celebration of writings from the 1920s. Introduction by Peter Drucker. Boston, Massachusetts, USA: Harvard Business School Press.

Greenleaf, R. K. (1977). Servant leadership. A journey into the nature of legitimate power and greatness. Mahwah, New York: Paulist Press.

Handy, C. (1999). The new language of business. Director, 52, 50-3.

Hansen, M. T. (1999). The search-transfer problem: The role of weak ties in sharing knowledge across organization subunits. Administrative Science Quarterly, 44, 82.

Herzberg, F. (1959). The motivation to work. New York: Wiley and Sons.

Herzberg, F. (1968). One more time: How do you motivate employees? Harvard Business Review, 46, 53-62.

Herzberg, F. (1976). The managerial choice: To be efficient and to be human. Homewood, IL: Dow Jones-Irwin.

Jensen, M. C. (2001). Value maximization, stakeholder theory, and the corporate objective function. European Financial Management, 7 (3), 297-317.

Jensen, M. C., and Meckling, W. H. (1976). Theory of the firm: Managerial behavior, agency cost, and ownership structure. Journal of Financial Economics, 3, 305-60.

Judge, T. A., and Bretz, R. D., Jr. (1992). Effects of work values on job choice decisions. Journal of Applied Psychology, 77, 261-71.

Kimakowitz, E. V., Pirson, M., Spitzeck, H., Dierksmeier, C., and Amann, W. (Eds.). (2011). Humanistic management in practice. New York: Palgrave-MacMillan.

Kogut, B., and Zander, U. (1995). Knowledge, market failure and the multinational enterprise: A reply. Journal of International Business Studies, 26, 417-26.

Kristof, A. L. (1996). Person-organization fit: An integrative review of its conceptualizations, measurement, and implications. Personnel Psychology, 49, 1-49.

Kurzynski, M. (2009). Peter Drucker: Modern day Aristotle for the business community. Journal of Management History, 15, 357-74.

Lilienthal, D. E. (1967). Management: A humanistic art. New York: Colombia University Press.

Lilienthal, D. E. (1968). The goal of management is to “get things done.” Columbia Journal of World Business, 3, 55-9.

Locke, R., and Spender, J. C. (2011). Confronting managerialism: How the business elite and their schools threw our lives out of balance. London: ZED Books.

Lutz, D. (2009). African ubuntu philosophy and global management. Journal of Business Ethics, 84, Suppl 3, 313-28.

Maak, T., and Pless, N. (2009). Business leaders as citizens of the world. Advancing humanism on a global scale. Journal of Business Ethics, 88, 537-50.

Maritain, J. (1996). Integral humanism, freedom in the modern world, and a letter on independence. In O. Bird (Ed.). (Original: Integral humanism: Temporal and spiritual problems of a new Christendom, 1938). The collected works of Jacques Maritain. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press.

Marqués, A. (2005). Para una crítica filosófica del economicismo moderno. Revista de Fomento Social, 239, 407-33.

Maslow, A. H. (1954). Motivation and personality. New York: Harper and Brothers.

Mayo, E. (1933). The human problems of an industrial civilization. New York: Macmillan.

Mayo, E. (1946). The social problems of an industrial civilization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Mbigi, L., and Maree, J. (2005). Ubuntu: The spirit of African transformation management. Randburg, South Africa: Knowres.

McCoy, C. (1985). Management by values: The ethical difference on corporate policy and performance. Marchfield, MA: Pitman.

McGregor, D. V. (1960). The human side of enterprise. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Melé, D. (2003). The challenge of humanistic management. Journal of Business Ethics, 44, 77-88.

Melé, D. (2009). Editorial introduction: Towards a more humanistic management. Journal of Business Ethics, 88, 413-6.

Melé, D. (2012a). The firm as a “community of persons”: A pillar of humanistic business ethos. Journal of Business Ethics, 106 (1), 89-101. Melé, D. (2012b). Management ethics: Placing ethics at the core of good

management. New York: Palgrave MacMillan.

Melé, D., and Dierksmeier, C. (Eds.). (2012). Human development in business. Values and humanistic management in the Encyclical «Caritas in Veritate». New York: Palgrave-MacMillan.

Mintzberg, H. (2004). Managers not MBAs. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler. Mitroff, I. I. (2004). An open letter to the deans and the faculties of American business schools. Journal of Business Ethics, 54, 185-9.

Moore, G. (2005). Humanizing business: A modern virtue ethics approach. Business Ethics Quarterly, 15, 237-55.

Moran, P. (2001), Structural vs. Relational Embeddedness: Social Capital and Managerial Performance. Strategic Management Journal, 26, 1129-51.

Nahapiet, J. and S. Ghoshal (1998) 'Social capital, Intellectual Capital, and the Organizational Advantage. Academy of Management Review, 23, 242-66.

Pérez López, J. A. (1991). Teoría de la acción humana en las organizaciones. La acción personal. Madrid: Rialp.

Pérez-López, J. A. (1993). Fundamentos de la dirección de empresas. Madrid: Rialp.

Peters, T. J., and Waterman, R. H. (1982). In search of excellence: Lessons from America’s best run companies. London: Harper and Row.

Preece, G. R. (Ed.). (2002). Rethinking Peter Singer: A Christian critique. Downser Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press.

Rosanas, J. (2008). Beyond economic criteria: A humanistic approach to organizational survival. Journal of Business Ethics, 78 (3), 447-62.

Rosanas, J. M. (2006). Qué cosas diferentes dijo Juan Antonio Pérez López?’ Revista de Antiguos Alumnos del IESE, September, 38-42.

Rosanas, J. M., and Ricart, J. E. (Eds.). (2012). Towards a new theory of the firm. Humanizing the firm and the management profession. Madrid: Fundación BBVA.

Schwartz, M. (2004). Drucker’s communitarian vision and its implications for business ethics. Business Ethics: A European Review, 13 (4), 288-301.

Sison, A. J. (2003). The moral capital of leaders. Why virtue matters. Cheltenham, UK, Northampton; MA, USA: Edward Elgar.

Sisón, A. J., Hartman, E. M., and Fontrodona, J. (Guest Eds.). (2012). Introduction reviving tradition: Virtue and the common good in business and management. Business Ethics Quarterly, 31, 207-10.

Solomon, C. R. (1992). Ethics and excellence: Cooperation and integrity in business. New York: Oxford University Press.

Solomon, C. R. (1994). The new word of business. Ethics and free enterprise in the global 1990s. Lanham, Maryland, USA: Roman and Littjefield Publishers.

Spitzeck, H. (2011). An integrated model of humanistic management. Journal of Business Ethics, 99, 51-62.

Spitzeck, H., Amann, W., Pirson, M., Khan, S., and Kimakowitz, E. V (Eds.). (2009). Humanism in business – State of the art. A reflection on humanistic values in today’s business world. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sulamoyo, D. (2010). “I am because we are”: Ubuntu as a cultural strategy for OD and change in sub-Saharan Africa. Organization Development Journal, 28 (4), 41-51.

Swart, J. C. (1973). The worth of humanistic management: Some contemporary examples. Business Horizons, 16, 41-50.

Taylor, F. W. (1911). The principles of scientific management. New York: Harper.

Thomas, H., Thomas, L., and Wilson, A. (2013). Promises fulfilled and unfulfilled in management education. Bingley: Emerald Publishing.

Uzzi, B. (1996). The sources and consequences of embeddedness for the economic performance of organizations: The network effects. American Sociological Review, 61 (4), 674-98.

Williamson, O. E. (1975). Markets and hierarchies: Analysis and antitrust implications: A study in the economics of internal organization. New York: Free Press.

Wolf, W. B. (1974). The basic Barnard: An introduction to Chester I. Barnard and his theories of organization and management. Ithaca, New York: New York State School of Industrial and Labor Relations – Cornell University.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15249/7-2-39

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



ISSN 0976-3600 (on-line) ; ISSN 1817-7417 (print)


Powered by OJS and hosted by Stellenbosch University Library and Information Service since 2014.


Disclaimer:

This journal is hosted by the SU LIS on request of the journal owner/editor. The SU LIS takes no responsibility for the content published within this journal, and disclaim all liability arising out of the use of or inability to use the information contained herein. We assume no responsibility, and shall not be liable for any breaches of agreement with other publishers/hosts.

SUNJournals Help